In most cases, data is sold subject to validation. This means that the acquirer must obtain prior consent from the provider before purchasing the data.

For instant sales, the data may be bought immediately without prior consent, or the possibility of refusal, by the provider.


How does a sale upon validation work?

The buyer sends the provider a purchase request about a particular offer. The two parties can then have a conversation to talk about the potential buyer’s questions, and to determine the most suitable license contract, if more than one is available.

The acquisition takes place through several steps:

  • During the discussion, the acquirer specifies which license contract they would like to acquire, and formulates a acquisition request.
  • At any time, the provider may validate or refuse the acquisition request.
  • As soon as the provider validates the acquirer's request, the provider may begin the data acquisition procedure.

Can a provider refuse to sell to me?

Yes, with a sale upon validation, the provider may refuse to grant you the use of the data, without having to specify the reason why.


In what cases can I make an instant sale? 

An instant sale may be available to you when all the conditions for the sales process have been met, including technical, contractual, and regulatory aspects. The offer must respect a certain number of constraints, notably: the offer may not contain personal data, it must only involve one license contract, etc.