In most cases, data is sold subject to validation. This means that the buyer must obtain prior consent from the supplier before buying the data.

For instant purchases, the data may be bought immediately without prior consent, or the possibility of refusal, by the supplier.


How does a sale with validation work?

The buyer sends the supplier a purchase request about a particular offer. The two parties can then have a conversation to talk about the potential buyer’s questions, and to determine the most suitable license contract, if more than one is available.

The acquisition takes place through several steps:

  • During the discussion, the buyer specifies which license contract they would like to acquire, and formulates a purchase request.
  • At any time, the supplier may validate or refuse the purchase request.
  • As soon as the supplier validates the buyer’s purchase request, the buyer may begin the data acquisition procedure.

Can a supplier refuse to sell to me?

Yes, with a sale subject to validation, the seller may refuse to grant you the use of the data, without having to specify the reason why.


In what cases can I make an instant purchase? 

An instant purchase may be available to you when all the conditions for the sales process have been met, including technical, contractual, and regulatory aspects. The offer must respect a certain number of constraints, notably: the offer may not contain personal data, it must only involve one license contract, etc.